“[El Presidente] has become a standard qualification test throughout the world and was named by my colleagues as a result of some professional work that I did for the president of Guatemala in the 1960’s. It is not a combat simulation, but simply a nerve exercise which tests various sorts of shooting skills. When I originated it it was thought to be impossible. Practice and application have caused it to become quite simple by today’s standards.” [emphasis added]

– Jeff Cooper on El Presidente at the suggested par of 12 centered hits in 10 seconds.

Simulate, not replicate. Drills are not scenarios, scenarios are not drills.

– Kevin Creighton